What is Myopia (a.k.a “short-sightedness”)?
Myopia (a.k.a short-sightedness or nearsightedness) is a form of refractive error that affects between 20%-30% of the population. It can be treated with surgery, corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses. Myopia is believed to be hereditary and can affect children as young as 5 years old.
In less common cases, myopia can be a form of retinal degeneration – a deterioration of cells in the retina.
Myopia is a non-serious eye disorder and can be tested with a standardized eye examination or a standard ophthalmic exam.
Causes of Myopia
Myopia occurs when light entering the eye is focused incorrectly, causing distant objects to appear dim and blurry.
Myopia also occurs when the optical length of the eye is smaller than the physical length of the eye. This makes it more difficult for light rays to focus directly on the retina, causing images far away to appear blurry, while nearby objects appear clear.
Symptoms of Myopia
Myopia is very common and becomes increasingly so as you get older. Symptoms of myopia include headache, eye strain, difficulty seeing distant objects, squinting, fatigue while driving and loss of focus while playing sports.
Treating Myopia with LASIK
Myopia or short-sightedness can be corrected with LASIK, a type of refractive surgery that uses laser to reshape the cornea. To learn more about LASIK, contact ClearVision using the enquiry form below.