Glaucoma Guide

What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye condition that is caused by a damaged optic nerve. The optic nerve damage increases fluid pressure in the eye, and may lead to blindness if left untreated. Symptoms usually appear much later, catching patients by surprise.

There are 2 types of glaucoma, i.e. “open angle closure” glaucoma and “closed angle closure” glaucoma.

Open Angle Closure Glaucoma is more common and occurs at a slower rate. Most patients do not experience or notice the early symptoms until it becomes more the severe.

On the other hand, Closed Angle Closure Glaucoma is a more serious form and caused by an acute build-up of fluid pressure in the eye.

Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is caused by the increase in fluid pressure in the eye’s anterior chamber. The condition is usually inherited, although, it can also be caused by prolonged use of steroid, severe eye infection and eye surgery.

Symptoms of Glaucoma
Common symptoms of glaucoma include blurry vision, eye inflammation, pain, red eyes, nausea with presence of eye pain, acute lost of vision in low light and blurred vision.